A Slight Problem With Complexity

Life is complex. Even the simplest lifeforms consist of an intricate metabolism that allows the processes of life to occur in addition to a vast complexity of nucleic acids, protein and carbohydrate. Not only does this form an irreducible complexity it also runs contrary to a fundamental principle of physics, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that any system always runs in a way that entropy increases. Entropy is a measure of disorder, and the Law works because probabilistically there are more ways for a system to be disordered than for it to be ordered. What we see in life, however, is synthetic or anabolic reactions which decease entropy are driven forward by the hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) which release energy. This ATP is synthesised in the cell by the catabolism or breakdown of glucose, so that the total entropy of the whole system increases. Glucose is in turn photosynthesised by the capture of photons of light, and so we have a totally self-funding localised decrease in entropy, of disorder. Thus rational science has a dual problem, in that not only how did life evolve, but why? Why didn’t things just stay as carbon dioxide, ammonia and water? Why did they have to evolve into a photosynthetic bacteria? Or a monitor lizard? Or a blue whale?

The Symmetry of Gnosis contains the idea that the universe is a fractal, a complex, holographic fractal, that evolves with time. A feature of fractals is self-similarity, which means that if you magnify the image at greater and greater resolutions, zoom in as it were, you see shapes forming that are reminiscent of the whole, and this continues to happen as the magnification gets higher. In the case of the universe we have the self-similar motif of the spiral, where galaxies are spiral, planets orbit stars and so form spirals in space-time, planets rotate around their own axes, weather systems spiral, DNA spirals…..it goes on and on. The quantum geometry described in the Symmetry is reminiscent of a wheel intersecting a wheel, both spinning in opposite directions, and this produces a counter-rotation, a double helix. It is this quantum geometry that defines the self-similar motif, the vortex of the candle flame, the spiral of DNA. The fractal evolves with time, and so the universe gets more complex as it ages.

A fractal definition of the universe clarifies a good deal of phenomena. For example, take any small, seemingly insignificant portion of the world and examine it in closer and closer detail, and it explodes into complexity – just like a fractal. This holds whether we are talking about chemistry, biology, ecology, geology, cosmology and just about every area of natural science. Another example is history repeating itself. As space-time evolves in a spiral it is natural that the same sets of circumstances to keep coming around again and again. This last idea allows us to add the interesting speculation, what if the universe expands in a spiral? What if, as we looked out into space, we were looking back on ourselves, again and again? This would allow us to radically reduce our perception of the extent and age of the universe.

The recent observations from the Planck Space Telescope have allowed physicists to radically increase their estimates of the age of the universe. According to Hawking, however, the universe has no boundary, no beginning and no end. Does not, therefore, the universe form a wheel? If it started with a singularity, does it not have to end in a singularity? Most physicists seem to think that the expansion of the universe is accelerating, but is this not due to our galaxy outrunning the gravitational pull of our neighbours? If the universe is expanding, then surely at some time past it would have been denser. The gravitational force acting against the expansion would therefore necessarily have been greater, causing a greater deceleration in the velocity of expansion. This would appear from Earth to be a relative acceleration as distance increases. The Hubble regression, therefore, is not linear, it curves upwards, exactly as current measurements show.

Another problem with Hubble is that, when we observe a galaxy 300 million light years away, we are observing it as it was 300 million years ago, due to the finite speed of light. We calculate from the red-shift that it was moving away from us then, but have no information about how it is moving now. Our nearest neighbours are moving towards us, so is it not possible that the universe has already started to contract?

Contradictions in science always point to something being wrong, of a flaw in theory. Just as the incompatibility between quantum theory and relativity points to the need for superstring theory, so the flagrant breach of the Second Law of Thermodynamics that life represents points to another angle in the story, some other truth that hasn’t yet been considered. I believe The Symmetry of Gnosis provides the answer. Fractal cosmology is based on the idea that space-time at minute scales is 2-dimensional, only becoming 4-D over larger distances; my model describes a 10-dimensional geometry that iterates in the sequence 1-2-3-4-2-3-4-2-3- 4-2-3-ad infinitum and which is conjectured to be isomorphic with a Calabi-Yau shape. It therefore may bridge the gap between fractal cosmology and superstring theory in a way that is paradigm. The only problem, as far as most physicists are concerned, is that it also acts as a mathematical proof for the existence of God. In a way it’s not too far out to suggest that the thought, the design of the universe came first, but it forms a fundamental schism in thought between atheists and believers. Atheists don’t take evidence of a design as evidence of a designer. My hypothetical model of the universe, if shown to give the correct results, would be proof of the design – and, in view of the way in which it was derived, proof of the Designer.

Perception is Everything

‘If you think you understand quantum theory, you don’t understand quantum theory.’ These are the words of the late Richard Feynmann, physicist and Nobel laureate, and certainly quantum theory with all its counter-intuitive claims is hard to understand. It follows from the wave/particle duality of subatomic particles that they cannot be localised to a particular place at a particular time, being smeared over space-time in a probability distribution that determines the probability of finding the particles at any particular place at any given time. Quantum theory also holds that before a quantum event has has been observed, it exists in an indeterminate state where it both has and has not happened, as illustrated by the hypothetical case of Schroedinger’s cat. It is the act of observation that collapses the probability waveform into a discreet event, and in this way it is totally fundamental to the causation of reality. This is difficult enough to explain rationally when we are talking about experiments at the LHC, but it throws a spanner in the works altogether when one talks of quantum events in the early universe (which must have happened in order for the processes of symmetry-breaking and inflation to occur) in that who exactly observed them? It would be laughable to claim that humans got there in a time machine to act as witnesses to this act of creation; equally ludicrous to suggest that they didn’t really happen until humans evolved and developed the technology to observe them. Ask any physicist questions like these and you are likely to meet with a stony silence or an explosive outburst, but they’re good questions.

 

My induction that the universe is God helps shed some light on the matter. The name of God given to Moses from the Burning Bush was Eheyah asha Eheyah, or I am that I am. This clearly indicates a process of self-definition, self perception, so it follows that the universe is self aware, that these quantum events in the early universe were observed by God. It it a fundamental tenet of Qabala that everything in the universe exists as a consequence of God beholding God, it is the act of self-perception of the universe that defines reality. As God emanates Himself into Herself and the universe gets more complex, this self-awareness of the universe becomes quantised into every single part of it, and as life evolves it becomes the awareness of DNA. An organism as simple as E. coli, if you see a culture on an agar plate, has an aura, it oozes menace. Have you ever walked into a greenhouse full of tomato plants on a hot sunny day and received a sudden hit of tomatoes? It’s more than just smell, it hits you between the eyes. This phenomenon must surely be the recognition of another consciousness, another life. Quantum theory tell us that an event must be observed to be said to be real – maybe life is the mechanism by which this is achieved. Maybe the bizarre predictions of quantum theory are just the mechanism by which life operates? Certainly quantum tells us that if it can happen, it will; life teaches essentially the same lesson– if you can conceive of it, it probably exists.

 

The simplest life-forms, photosynthetic bacteria and blue-green algae, have a complex biochemical metabolism and a coherent structure involving advanced complexity of four or five different classes of organic chemical in order for it to be alive, in order for it to be subject to Darwinian selection. Such irreducible complexities require every component to function in order to work and could not have been formed by a sequence of step-wise sequential changes. In Darwin’s own words, that acts as a disproof for the theory of evolution. There are many, many examples of irreducible complexities in biology. For example, the adaptive changes needed for mammals to gestate their young internally include the whole embryology of placentation, the physiology of parturition and the circulatory changes as the incumbent is born – all at once, before the first internal gestation. Such adaptive changes, as with all biological processes, reveal a subtle elegant design that works just perfectly, and certainly does seem intelligent.

 

In spite of the fundamental basis of perception, of observation, and (by implication) of consciousness in quantum theory, most biologists and physicists alike believe that consciousness is the result of physical events. It isn’t, it’s the cause of physical events. This is the basis of magic, defined by Crowley as being ‘the art and science of causing change to happen in accordance with the will’. It is the basis of existentialist thought. It is also the basis for the concept of maya, the Hindu illusory world of reality in which we all live. What you see is what you get, the universe is a projection of our consciousness,

The Tree of Life

Almost from the first moment I became familiar with the Tree of Life I inferred rather speculatively that the 10 sephira of Qabala and the 10 dimensions of string theory referred to the same entities. At the time I was only dimly aware of the fact that string theory talked of a 10-dimensional universe, and I had even less idea about what string theory actually was. It was early in 2000 that I bought Brian Greene’s book The Elegant Universe and enjoyed it greatly. Brian Greene is up there with the greatest thinkers in theoretical physics, rubbing shoulders with the likes of Edward Witten and Richard Feynmann, and his book provides a non-technical intuitive explanation of string theory. Basically this book confirmed to me that there are 10 (or 11) dimensions in string theory, and also explained what the theory was all about. There are two fundamental theories that govern the universe; Einstein’s relativity theory, which basically deals with things as they get very fast or very massive – essentially dealing with macro-structure. Then there is quantum theory, worked out from the early 1920s by the likes of Neils Bohr, Wolfgang Pauli, Erwin Shroedinger and Werner Karl Heisenberg  It deals with the world on a microscopic scale, with the electrons which orbit the nucleus of an atom, of the protons and neutrons that make up that nucleus, and of the quarks which make up the protons and neutrons. Basically it deals with micro-structure. These quarks, being  one of twelve basic fundamental matter particles, are held to be point particles that sometimes exhibit wave-like behavior, to be discrete bundles of waves. There are some entities in theoretical physics, for example black holes, whose small size necessitates the use of quantum theory and whose large mass require relativity, and it is found in these cases that the combination of these two theories throw up meaningless answers, like infinite probabilities. Probability has a meaning only in the range 0-1, and an infinite probability is like an error message indicating that something is wrong.

String theory helps bridge the gap between relativity and quantum theory by postulating that all subatomic particles consist ultimately of a tiny 1-dimensional vibrating piece of string, and that harmonic oscillations of this piece of string produce the various subatomic particles. Inherent in these theories is the idea that the universe is composed of more dimensions than those of which we are aware. Relativity defines four dimensions, length, breadth, height and time; string theory holds that there are 6 more, curled up on one of a class of mathematical topologies called Calabi-Yau shapes. String is wrapped round these higher dimensions, and so to know the structure of the higher dimensions – the structure of the Calabi-Yau shape – is to be able to calculate the harmonic frequencies available to the strings.

Here comes the punch; these Calabi-Yau shapes are far too small to detect, being of the order of    10-35 m in diameter. Not even the Large Hadron Collider is able to probe distances this small, and so we are unable to directly observe the postulated extra dimensions. In addition, there are many, many possible Calabi-Yau shapes, each defining a different universe. Because of the small size and subsequent inscrutability of these shapes it is not possible to select one out of the many thousand possibilities.

My approach however is different. It follows from my induction that 10 sephira=10 dimensions that the relations of the dimensions to each other are defined by the pattern of the Tree of Life. Now the Tree consists of 10 sephira attached by 22 pathways, each pathway being allocated one of the Trumps of Tarot. I spent most of 2000 and 2001 meditating on and thinking about the Tree and the Tarot within the context of string theory, trying to fold the Tree up in my head. At first I tested the inductive serendipities that occurred to me while I was meditating with a Tarot spread, but as time went on I stopped doing this. Eventually I made a paper model, using 1-dimensional Moebious strips in place of sephira, attached together in the pattern on the Tree of Life. This model confirmed that the Tree did indeed fold up, and that it also folded out around itself in a way that I had predicted, a very satisfying paradigm indeed. At the same time I was toying in my head with a geometry derived from the Sepher Yetzirah, and early Qabalistic text. The geometry described in the Symmetry of Gnosis consists of this geometry integrated with one derived from a graphical representation of the Shem ha-Mephoresh or Divine Name of Extension, also from the Qabala. Basically it consists of two 5-dimensional areas that continually expand into one another within a 6-dimensional singularity which constantly decays into an R(3,1) Clifford algebra,  which I hold to be perceived from our 4-dimensional world to be just one such Calabi-Yau shape as is required by the string theories. My knowledge of maths is insufficient to decipher what a Calabi-Yau shape actually is, exactly, but my geometry does look extraordinarily like what is known as a hyper-Kahler manifold, which is therefore Calabi-Yau. If it does indeed prove to be (at least isomorphic to) a Calabi-Yai shape then, as I have mentioned, that is a powerful argument for the truth of the idea (in view of the nature in which it was derived), and it should be possible to calculate from first principles all the properties of the subatomic particles. This would be a tremendous theorem, one that could rock the world to its core, being as it would be a mathematical proof for the existence of God.

Life and the Universe

Life. It’s all around us – turn a stone, and it’s there; dig a hole and it’s there; dive in the sea, you’ll find lots there; go up a mountain, it’s there as well. We take it for granted, but what, exactly, are we taking for granted? We are all in possession of this amazing biological machine which animates itself, breathes air, eats food and drinks water, reproduces itself and heals itself when injured; we are all in possession of this amazing mind which can think anything it wants to, any time it wants to. Even a cursory glance at the mechanism by which this is happens reveals a design so elegant, so flawless, so aesthetically pleasing – this is what we are taking for granted. Now where was there ever a painting without an artist, a building without an architect, a poem without a poet? When was there ever a design without a designer?

And then there’s the question of how it all came about; evolution is now being preached in schools and in the media as being virtual fact, as dogma. It’s not fact, there are big gaping holes in it – to name a few, how many random mutations are liable to be beneficial? In so far as they may affect protein structure, and the structure of proteins is intricately linked with their function, I think we can say pretty damn few. In addition, for a mutation, random or not, to be passed on to further generations, it must occur in the gonads or gametes – in which case, it won’t be much use to the animal in which it occurs. One more thing, exactly what sort of random-mutation-selected-for-by-environmental-pressures kind of scenario could account for instinctive behavior? Take an egg away from its mother and rear the chick to adulthood in isolation, and it will still build a nest. Eh? How on earth is that inherited? What enzymes control it? How did it evolve? No, on the contrary, evolution is only an idea, a theory, one that is over 150 years old. Darwinian selection probably works as a natural law, as witnessed by the case of the Peppered Moth for example, but there’s clearly more to it than that.

My induction that the structure of space-time is defined by the Tree of Life brings with it the paradigm that the concept of God is merely a metaphor for the universe. In fact, I would say that all forms of mysticism are methods of gaining first hand experience of the nature and function of the universe, and all religious images are metaphors for the nature and function of the universe. Pretty soon after deducing this metaphor I started to believe that the universe was a fractal. This idea has been around since 1987, to account for the variations in the level of background microwave radiation apparent in the COBE satellite image. My perception was more of the abundance of spirals in the universe. Think about it; moons orbit planets, planets orbit stars, stars rotate around galaxies, galaxies rotate around each other – all is circular. Microscopically, DNA spirals, protein α-helix spirals, electrons orbit the nuclei of atoms, subatomic particles have their spin – again spiralling.  So I’m thinking; why does everything spiral?

A fractal is a fragmented geometric shape which is produced by some sort of iterative or recursive formula. Now the geometry I have described in the Symmetry of Gnosis evolves in a way that forms a process of iteration and so could account for a fractal distribution of matter in the universe. As a corollary of this, we can say the Life will evolve with a probability of 1, as being produced by the self-similarity of the fractal. There is a principle within physics known as the Anthropic Principle, which states that many of the fundamental parameters that govern the shape of the universe are observed to be contained within the rather narrow bounds necessary for the evolution of life. This must be the case, because if not then there would be no life to observe it. It comes in two forms, the Weak and the Strong. The Weak Anthropic Principle states that the value of these parameters is essentially arbitrary, and that life is equally arbitrary, while the Strong variant states that the parameters have these values deliberately chosen with the intention of creating the conditions necessary for the evolution of life. In the terms of my book, the universe is defined by the Tree of Life, ergo – Life. The universe is God, and we are all made in his image.

It’s not that I’m creationist either. The idea of a static unchanging universe created a finite time ago by an anthropic deity is anathema to me. Rather I believe it is possible to reconcile evolutionary theory with intelligent design  by saying the concepts came first, and then they just accumulated matter around them, an idea found in Dion Fortune’s Cosmic Doctrine. The concepts of life are from God. God is the universe; he is also you. He is Everything and In everything. The universe is sentient, self-aware, intelligent, and alive; through Him we are all alive.

Connection Between Qabala & Superstring Theory

The connection between Qabala and superstring theory came to me almost as soon as I had discovered the Qabala with its 10 sephira in ’98. I remembered from speculative, slightly pretentious conversations during physics lessons at my Sixth Form College hearing talk of string theory, which held that the universe is 10-dimensional, of which we are only aware of 4. I had read Stephen Hawking’s Brief History of Time during my vet degree, and it had expanded my mind to an extraordinary degree. As it contracted again I synthesized the whole book into terms I could understand, creating a fantastical model of the universe, and posed the question which started me on this quest for truth.

So we have 10 sephira, 10 dimensions. Equating this like for like means one sephiroth, one dimension, means that the structure of space-time is defined by the Tree of Life. In this I make the seemingly novel jump from treating Qabala as a spiritual science – which it undoubtedly is – to treating it as a rational science. It occurs to me now that certain followers of Lurianic Qabala might take exception to this seeming mundane use of their Holy and Sacred tradition; I ask them to bear with me until they see the extent of my argument.

So that was my take on the whole issue. In addition, I have for years employed a system of meditation consisting of visualizing the Tree over my body and moving the energies between the different sephira in order to try to think round the massive block that exists somewhere in my midbrain. This, basically, was the main research method for this book, which I describe as being derived by a process of  Qabalistic induction.

Basically I’d sit and meditate in various altered states of mind and the book wrote itself in my head. In addition to this path working on the Tree I was constantly thinking of the Tree and the Tarot within the context of string theory, first danging around the top of Jacob’s Ladder trying to fold the Tree up in my head, and then in figuring out the mechanism, as the problem slowly yielded to my analysis.

Now the Qabala is derived from the Hebrew root qibel, meaning to receive, and it is a mechanism by which one can gain occult knowledge. Essentially what I’m saying is that this information was revealed to me purely and simply because I asked the right questions. As Christ says, ‘knock, and the door will be open to you; seek and you shall find’. It’s a closed argument; my assertion is that the universe is defined by the Tree of Life. By meditating on the Tree, it ought to be possible to unlock the secrets of the universe by a process of resonance.

If the geometry I have described fits into string theory in the way I have predicted, viz. it is, or is isomorphic to, a Calabi-Yau shape, then it adds inductive strength to the argument in that how did I, with no graduate mathematical knowledge, manage to construct it? The only comment I have had on the idea by way of a peer review was the rather bald ‘shows some understanding’ from a string theorist at the University of Liverpool. While not very enthusiastic this is the exact opposite of  ‘a load of cobblers’ or some such.

According to the way in which it was derived, if there is to be any truth to it at all it should be regarded as the ABSOLUTE truth, as being the Word of God, and contemporary theory should be modified around it rather that the other way around. The geometry and model described is elegant, sophisticated, and probably merits the label genius. The genius, however, is not mine, I didn’t come up with this idea; I merely pieced it together from the clues that had been left, like solving a cosmic jigsaw puzzle. The genius is, of course, the Celestial Genius, the High and Holy One, Lord God Almighty

Introduction to the Symmetry of Gnosis

Terance Wall, The Symmetry of GnosisI was a veterinarian in a past life, in the 90s, and for the most part I enjoyed it. I was introduced to the occult in 1998 through the Tarot cards and the writings of Hermes Trismegistmus, and it fascinated me. I became interested in the Qabala and endeavored to find out more. The first book on Qabala I bought was ben Halevi’s Work Of The Kabbalist, an advanced text dealing with workings on the extended tree, Jacob’s Ladder. Talk about going off on the deep end, it was just way too much. Central to Qabala is the image of the Tree of Life with its 10 sephira. I was vaguely aware that supersymmetrical string theory, an esoteric mathematical idea, talked of a universe of 10 dimensions, and I felt in some way that these two 10s were linked. The idea grew and grew, and eventually I resigned from my cosy job as a vet to embark on a degree in mathematics in order to greater understand it. This was in 1999, against the backdrop of the NATO campaign in Kosovo, which I became convinced would lead to Armageddon. I saw the first episode of Stargate SG-1 that summer, and it inspired a massive epiphany in me where I understood that this was exactly what I was talking about, that the concept of God was a metaphor for the universe, that the structure of space-time was defined by the Tree of Life.

In hindsight I think I can say that the Devil moved Hell and high water at me to try to prevent me from completing this. To cut a long story short, my degree survived my first brush with the law but not the second or subsequent, and I ended up flunking out after the first semester in two consecutive years – not, it must be said, through any lack of ability. I continued to be fascinated by the idea; it was at Glastonbury Festival in 2000 that someone suggested I could write a very interesting book, and my project started there. The book I ended up publishing evolved from a document I wrote in 2002 when it became clear I just wasn’t going to get my degree. String theory is an advanced idea, only studied at research level, and I just wasn’t going to make it. I spent a lot of time danging around at the top of Jacob’s Ladder trying to fold the Tree up in my head. Eventually I made a paper model, which confirmed my suspicions, and slowly pieced together a mechanism.

I set down the first draft for the book in 2005, after spending a year in jail, and over the next 3/4 years fleshed it out with thought and reading. It’s essentially a geometry, a dynamic, evolving Cartesian geometry; my assertion is that it is the action of this Cartesian geometry that drives the algebraic geometry that forms the basis of string theory. It’s a research level idea, one that will only be understood by maybe the top 2-3% of the population, but it is a layman’s idea; the geometry is described intuitively by diagrams rather that equations. Publishing it for a general audience is maybe a bit flawed, but I think it’s a tremendously uplifting idea, one that gets easier to understand the more people that understand it. The material may be a bit of an IQ test but you know you understand it when you can meditate on the front cover and animate a candle flame in your head. It’s head-spinning stuff, but when you can see it it’s very satisfying.

That is the gnosis, the knowledge of God. Strictly speaking, it is the Hermetic or intellectual approach to God – there are others. The ancient gnostic Christians relied on a different path to gnosis, a spiritual path, during which they could become absolutely convinced of their own divinity – where they had seen proof. It was this gnosis which allowed them to live in such perfect communes, and was the state they knew as ‘resurrection’. This, then is the best possible outcome from the publication of the book, a widespread gnosis, a mass epiphany. At the other end of the scale, at the very least I hope to attract a co-worker, reach the person who will help me complete this. The material is conjectural and I realize in all fairness that $87 is a lot of money, but I think the Kindle version is good value. If you like the sound of the idea but baulk at the price, then maybe you could view it as an excuse to buy a Kindle, especially if you have already been thinking of doing so. It’s not that I don’t want your money, it’s that I want to feel that I’m providing value for it.

Check out my new book, “The Symmetry of Gnosis.”

An Intro to Qabala

Gnosis, qabala, Tree of Life, Terance Wall

Fig 1

Qabala is an ancient Hebrew mystical tradition that forms the oral part of Judaism. Central to the qabala is the image of the Tree of Life (fig. 1) which depicts 10 so-called sephiroth (sing.  sephira) connected by 22 pathways. The sephira are considered to be vessels of the Divine Energy  and the ten of them together make up the totality of God. The sephira are allocated such things as a God-Force, and Archangel and and order of Angels, the various attributes of these associated images serving to illustrate the nature of the sephira, and so the sephiroth represent archetypal forces which act in the universe. It is a tenet of qabala that the universe and everything in it exists as a consequence of God beholding God, this being implied by I AM THAT I AM, the name of God given to Moses from the Burning Bush. So the sephiroth emanate downwards in the sequence 1-10, zig-zagging down the Tree, and this forms the Lightning Stroke of creation. When the Divine Energy reaches sephira 10, Malchuth, which represents the manifest universe we perceive, it then returns up the Tree in the sequence 10-1, thus completing the cycle and allowing God to behold God at every level of creation.

The Symmetry of Gnosis describes a dynamic geometry derived from the Tree, from the Sepher Yetzirah (an ancient qabalistic text) and from the Shem ha-Mephoresh or Divine Name of Extension, the rotations of which are conjectured to bring about the emanations of the Lightning Stroke. Thus the sephiroth emanate downwards in a way which forms an iterative sequence, and the afferent and efferent flow of Divine Energy results in the production of two countercurrant waveforms. The interference pattern formed by these two waveforms results in what we perceive as the manifest universe.

A fractal is a fragmented geometric shape which exhibits the property of self-similarity,  which means that on magnification, the same forms are found on ever decreasing scales. Fractals may show exact self-similarity or quasi self-similarity and are produced by either an iterative geometric sequence (which produces exact self-similarity) or an iterative or recursive formula which is applied at each point in space. There are many self-similar forms found on small scales to large in the universe, and indeed Iovane has found that the universe is distributed like an E-Infinity El Naschie Cantor set, over large scales to small. The Symmetry of Gnosis describes a process of iteration or recursion which could account for this fractal distribution.

A hologram is an image created by two interfering laser beams which, when viewed on a flat screen, has the property of creating the illusion of a third dimension, so by moving the screen one can ‘see around’ objects. The countercurrantly interfering waveforms produced by the afferent and efferent flows provides the mechanism for producing a holographic universe, in which the 10 dimensions of  superstring theory are projected into the four-dimensional matrix of the perceived universe. Thus the universe is a holographic fractal.

Evidence for this can be seen on a cosmic scale by considering the Hubble Deep Field Survey, which is a project by

Super String Theory, Gnosis, Terance Wall

Pending copyrights from Random House

the Hubble Space Telescope to map out the far-flung reaches of the universe (see fig. 2). Far from showing a uniform distribution of material, the density of the universe increases as one gets closer to the observer – because of the finite speed of light, closer in distance means closer in time. This indicates how the universe gets more complex as time increases. In addition, there is quite clear evidence of fractal clumping within the swirl of galaxies. Further evidence is to be found in the COBE satellite image, which maps the background microwave radiation (BMR). This is the light left over from the recombination of electrons and protons to make atoms, the point at which the universe becomes permeable to light. This light has been stretched by the expansion of the universe so that its wavelength now falls in the microwave scale (of the order of magnitude of centimetres). The COBE image (fig 3) shows anisotropies, small variations between adjacent regions of space, are also consistent with a fractal distribution.

Terance Wall, COBE image

Fig 3 Picture taken from NASA

Everything in the universe spirals around something; electrons orbit nuclei, planet orbit suns, stars rotate around the galaxy, even galaxies rotate around their neighbours in the galactic cluster – everything is circular. This motif is repeated in biology, which the double-helical structure of DNA and the alpha-helix of protein. It is thought that such macromolecules arise as complexities within a fractal universe, being stabilised with resonant harmonic waveforms which form with the very structure of matter.

The molecular engineering in so simple a lifeform as a bacterium is so complex, so Angstrom-perfect and works on such a fine line between success and failure that it cannot but produce awe in anyone who understands it. The simplest living thing requires advanced complexity in nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates and lipids in order for it to be alive, in order to be subject to Darwinian selection. Atheist biologists talk of ribozymes, pieces of RNA that have enzymatic activity, as a possible way in which the complexity could have arisen, but simply, according to James Loveleock, the first prokaryotic organisms were found in the seas shortly after they condensed in the late Hadean era of the Earth’s history. For life to have arisen thus by chance on planet Earth, in less than a billion years, is so unthinkably improbable that to believe this is the case requires a greater leap of faith that to believe it arose from some process of intelligent design. The Symmety of  Gnosis argues that the structure of space-time is defined by the Tree of Life, resulting in a holographic fractal universe in which life inevitably arises when the universe gets complex enough.  This argument is Strong Anthropic, suggesting that the so many variables in physics lie in the narrow range compatible with the evolution of life precisely because the universe s design to create life.